Hindustani classical music is a wonderful facet of Indian classical music tradition. Hindustani music belongs to North India. Originated during the period of 13th and 14th, this form of classical music is a fascinating combination of ancient Hindu musical traditions and Persian music. It is most popular Indian classical music. Vedic philosophy has also played a great role in shaping Hindustani music. South Indian classical music or also known as Carnatic music is truly Indian in sense of origin. But Hindustani music allowed other forms of music to influence and integrate in the main stream.
Hindustani classical music is based upon vocals. Raga system plays the primary role in this form of music. Music terms like dhrupad, tarana, khayal, dhammar, ghazal, thumri etc belong to Hindustani music. Ghazal is definitely the one with Persian influence. Ghazal also symbolizes the beautiful amalgamation of Hindustani and Persian music. In classical Hindustani music, raga is also referred to melodic scale. It has seven basic notes. Sa, Re, Ga, Ma, Pa, Dha and Ni are the major notes. These notes play a crucial part in assigning characters to different ragas. Other crucial factor is ascent and descent of the notes that is very crucial in determining the form of the raga. It is not necessary for the notes to be in linear form. All the vocal forms of Hindustani music have different characters and singing style. They are unique in terms of notes, performance and singing styles.