Saturday, January 31, 2009

Famous Music Gharanas

Benaras Gharana – Pandit Gopal Mishra initiated this gharana which has given us impressive names like Girija Devi, famous duo of Rajan and Sajan Mishra and many more who have kept the tradition high and fly. Wonderful Khayal singing is particularly associated with this gharana. The historical culture of Benaras has also influenced the rich tradition of this gharana.

Jaipur - Atrauli Gharana: - Ustad Alladiya Khan founded this gharana and produced magnificent singers like Kesarbhai Kerkar, Ashwini Bhide Deshpande, Alladiya Khan, Shruti Sadolikar, Padma Talwalkar, Kishori Amonkar, and Mallikarjun Mansur. Jaipur gharana distinguishes itself on the basis of its practice of compound and tuneful form of notes.

Patiala Gharana - Founded by Ustad Fateh Ali Khan and Ustad Ali Baksh, Patiala gharana is known for giving us world class classical singers. Names like Bade Ghulam Ali Khan, Parveen Sultana, Begum Akhtar, Raza Ali Khan, Nirmala Deni, Ajoy Chakravarti, Naina Devi inspire awe and respect. This gharana focuses on usage of Bols. Bol-tans and Layakari aling with emphasis on rhythm are special attributes of this gharana.

Rampur Sahaswan Gharana- singers like Ustad Rashid Khan, Ghulam Mustafa Khan, Brihaspati, Sulochana and Ustad Nissar Hussain Khan have been major exponents of this form of tradition. The founder was Ustad Inayat Khan and he tried to focus upon clarity of swara. Progression is very important in this gharana.

Bhendi Bazaar Gharana - Ustad Chajju Khan initiated this rich traditional gharana and gave us singers like Shashikala Koratkar, Anjanibai Malpekar and Ustad Aman Ali Khan etc. The emphasis is on presentation of Khayal.

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